What Is Marketing Myopia With Examples

What Is Marketing Myopia?

The phrase “marketing myopia” was invented by Theodore Levitt in a 1960 Harvard Business Review article. It indicates a short-sighted and self-centered marketing strategy in which a corporation concentrates on its products and services instead of the needs and desires of its customers. In other words, organizations with marketing myopia prioritize selling their products and services over identifying and solving the needs and aspirations of their target market.

To make the most out of growth potential, Levitt urged that businesses should broaden their industry boundaries. Instead of tightly defining their industry and missing out on possible market segments, businesses should focus on meeting customers’ requirements and desires more efficiently than opponents.

A railroad company, for example, suffering from marketing myopia may consider itself to be in the railroad business rather than the transportation business. By narrowly defining their industry, they may miss the growth of other modes of transportation such as vehicles, airplanes and even high-speed trains which could satisfy a greater need for transportation.

Top Causes of Marketing Myopia:

Marketing myopia can result from a variety of internal organizational issues. The following are some of the most common causes of marketing myopia:

Narrow Business Definition:

As previously said, corporations often define their businesses too tightly. They are more concerned with their products and services than providing clients with benefits. This restricted vision stops them from identifying new business opportunities and challenges.

Overemphasis on Product:

Companies might become excessively proud of their products, assuming that their superior qualities can ensure consumer loyalty. This approach can cause companies to be ignorant of changing customer preferences and upcoming technology that may render their products outdated.

Lack of Customer Understanding:

A key cause of marketing myopia is a failure to comprehend customers’ needs, preferences and behaviors. To stay ahead of changing client expectations and modify their tactics, businesses must invest in market research.


Success has the potential to create carelessness. When a company has previously been successful, there may be a propensity to believe that this success will continue in the absence of adaptation. Complacent organizations sometimes disregard market developments until it is too late.

Short-Term Focus:

Companies that are driven by short-term goals such as hitting quarterly sales targets may prioritize instant advantages over long-term client happiness. This emphasis on short-term earnings might lead to a disregard for long-term strategic planning and client relationship building.

How to Avoid Marketing Myopia?

Here are a few techniques to avoid falling into the trap of marketing myopia:

Adopt a Customer-Centric Strategy:

Concentrate on comprehending your clients’ needs, tastes and behaviors. Conduct market research, surveys and consumer feedback sessions regularly to acquire insights into their evolving requirements.

Broaden Your Business Definition:

Rather than just the products or services you provide, define your business in terms of the benefits you provide to clients. Consider the basic issues you resolve for your clients and how you may adjust to shifting demands.

Encourage Innovation:

Create an innovative culture within your organization. Encourage staff to come up with innovative solutions and ideas. Accept new technologies and trends that will improve your products or services.

Accept Long-Term Vision:

Create a long-term vision for your business. Rather than concentrating simply on short-term revenues, invest in long-term client relationships and sustainable business methods. Long-term success often requires compromising short-term benefits in order to achieve long-term growth and stability.

Stay nimble:

Your marketing tactics should be responsive and nimble. Markets change quickly and businesses must be able to adapt swiftly in order to respond to new trends and client needs.

Listen to Feedback:

Actively listen to consumer, employee and stakeholder feedback. Negative feedback can give you vital insights into areas that need to be improved and keep you from growing relaxed.

Invest in Employee Training:

Make sure that your staff members are up to date on market trends, client behavior and upcoming technologies. Continuous training can assist your staff in staying ahead of the curve and making sound judgments.

Analyze the Competition:

Maintain a careful eye on your competition as well as the broader industry. Examine their strategies, triumphs and setbacks. Understanding the competitive landscape can assist you in identifying market opportunities and risks.

Examples of Marketing Myopia:

Several practical examples demonstrate the idea of marketing myopia which occurs when businesses focus too narrowly on their products or services, ignoring broader industry trends and client needs:


Once an established name in the photography industry, Kodak fell prey to marketing myopia. Because it was so concentrated on film and cameras, the corporation failed to prepare for and adjust to the digital photography revolution. Kodak overlooked increased demand for digital cameras and photo-sharing services which led to its market fall.


Nokia, once a prominent mobile phone company, got myopic by remaining focused on its old mobile phone business while neglecting the smartphone revolution. While Nokia was the market leader in mobile phones, it failed to develop and adapt rapidly enough to competitors such as Apple and Samsung’s touchscreen smartphones. This resulted in a dramatic drop in Nokia’s market share and subsequently the acquisition of its mobile phone subsidiary by Microsoft.


Known for its secure email services and QWERTY keyboard devices, Blackberry became myopic when it underestimated market demand for touchscreen smartphones. While Blackberry was successful among business experts, the company overlooked the emerging consumer market for app-driven touchscreen smartphones. As a result of this carelessness, Blackberry’s market share and performance declined.


What is marketing myopia in simple words?

Marketing myopia occurs when a firm gets shortsighted, focusing on its products rather than recognizing and satisfying the demands of its customers. It hinders long-term success by neglecting market opportunities.

How does marketing myopia occur?

Marketing myopia occurs when a company defines its business too narrowly, prioritizing its products over understanding and reacting to client needs, resulting in missed opportunities and long-term instability.