What is meant by Marketing Strategy?

A marketing strategy is a comprehensive, long-term plan or approach developed by an organization to achieve its marketing goals and objectives. It is a systematic and planned set of actions and techniques designed to promote a product, service or brand and connect it with its targeted audience in a way that stimulates customer interest, promotes sales and eventually helps in the business’s overall success. A well-crafted marketing plan considers the company’s strengths and limitations, market conditions, competition and targeted customers’ preferences and behaviors.

A marketing strategy’s key components typically include:

Target Audience:

Identifying and comprehending the exact set of consumers or businesses that the company wants to reach through its marketing efforts.

Market research:

It is the process of gathering and analyzing data about the market, industry trends, client needs and competitors in order to make sound choices.


It is the process of determining how a product or service will be positioned in the market and how it will be distinguished from competitors.

Four Ps:

The four Ps of marketing are:

Product: Specifying the features, benefits and characteristics of a product or service.

Price: Develop price strategies that are appropriate for the target market and competitive scenario.

Place (Distribution): Choosing how and where the product or service will be distributed to clients.

Promotion: The planning of promotional actions (such as advertising, public relations and social media) in order to raise awareness and interest.


Allocating resources and funds to various marketing operations in order to enhance their efficacy.


Setting a timetable for the execution of marketing activities and campaigns.

What is meant by Tactics in marketing?

In marketing, tactics are the precise activities, approaches and procedures that a company uses to carry out its marketing strategy and achieve its marketing objectives. While a marketing strategy provides a broad plan and direction, tactics are the specific activities used to put that strategy into action and engage with the targeted audience. These strategies are frequently more short-term and immediate than a marketing strategy’s long-term approach.

Here are some examples of common marketing strategies:


This includes web advertising, print ads, radio and TV commercials, billboards and other kinds of paid communication.

Content marketing:

It is the process of creating and distributing valuable and relevant content in order to attract and engage a targeted audience. Blog articles, videos, infographics and eBooks are all examples of this.

Social media marketing:

It refers to the use of social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and LinkedIn to advertise products or services, engage with customers and increase brand awareness.

Email marketing:

It is the practice of sending customized emails to a list of subscribers in order to sell items, offer updates and cultivate customer relationships.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO):

It is the process of improving the content and structure of a website in order to rank higher in search engine results pages (SERPs) and increase organic (non-paid) traffic.

Pay-per-click (PPC) advertising:

It involves placing paid advertisements on search engines such as Google or social media platforms with marketers only paying when consumers click on the ads.

Influencer Marketing:

Collaboration with individuals or influencers who have a significant and active following to promote products or services is known as influencer marketing.

What comes First Strategy or Tactic?

In marketing (and most other aspects of business), strategy should come before tactics. The typical sequence is as follows:


First, a marketing strategy is created. Setting the overall path and goals for your marketing activities is part of this. It’s the big-picture plan that addresses issues such as who your target audience is, what your competitive edge is, how you’ll position your product or service and what your long-term goals are. It also takes into account the resources you have and the budget you can invest to attain your goals.


Once you’ve established a solid marketing plan, you can begin executing particular tactics. Tactics are the specific steps and methods you utilize to carry out your strategy. These are the “how” aspects of your strategy and include activities such as advertising, content production, social media campaigns, email marketing, SEO optimization and others.

The reason for this sequence is that your tactics should be in harmony with your overall plan. It’s easy to get caught in a series of disconnected activities that may or may not suit your overall aims if you don’t have a well-defined approach. The strategy determines the direction and the tactics are the tools used to follow that direction.

An example for better understanding:

Consider your strategy to be the map for a cross-country journey while tactics are the exact roads, highways and stops you choose along the way to efficiently reach your target. Without a guide (strategy), you may end up taking the incorrect paths (ineffective tactics) and not arriving at your goal on time.

What is the difference between Strategy and Tactics in Marketing?

  Strategy Tactics
Scope A marketing strategy is a high-level plan that specifies the organization’s long-term goals, objectives and approach to accomplishing them. It gives structure and direction for marketing initiatives. Marketing tactics are the specific, practical procedures and activities used to carry out the marketing strategy. They are the particular approaches and tools employed to achieve short- to medium-term objectives.
Purpose A marketing strategy’s principal goal is to define what the firm wants to achieve in the marketplace and why. It serves as the framework for decision-making and directs resource allocation. The goal of marketing tactics is to put the strategy into action. Tactics respond to the question of “how” the organization will achieve its strategic objectives.
Timeframe Marketing strategy often has a longer time span, frequently lasting months or even years. Marketing methods are designed to accomplish precise, immediate outcomes in a limited period of time, sometimes weeks or months.
Example A marketing strategy may include a corporation deciding to portray itself as a luxury brand in the smartphone market in order to target affluent consumers, grow market share and achieve long-term financial success. Specific marketing tactics might include launching a new flagship phone model, creating targeted online and social media ad campaigns, collaborating with influencers and offering limited-time promotions to attract elite customers as part of the overall marketing strategy of becoming a premium smartphone brand.

 In short, Marketing strategy provides the overall framework and direction whereas marketing tactics are the practical and direct actions taken to achieve that strategy. The destination is defined by strategy while the paths and actions that will get you there are determined by tactics. Both are critical components of a good marketing strategy and they must work together to guarantee that the organization’s marketing efforts are cohesive and effective in meeting its objectives.

Example to understand Strategy and Tactics:

Here’s a brief and specific example of a marketing strategy:

Company: ABC Fitness Center

Goal: The goal for the coming year is to grow membership by 20%.

Strategy: Community Involvement and Personalized Wellness

Key Elements:

Targeted Audience: Focus on health-conscious individuals aged 25-45 within a 10-mile radius of the fitness club as the demographic to target.

Positioning: Establish the fitness center as a community center for health and wellbeing, focusing on personalized workout regimens and expert coaching.

Pricing: Provide affordable membership packages with various payment choices.


Launch an extensive advertising campaign that covers the following tactics:

Content Marketing: To engage and educate the targeted audience, create blog entries and videos on nutrition, fitness recommendations and success stories.

Social Media Advertising: Create an active social media presence to provide training programs, nutritious foods, and member testimonials.

Local activities: To build a sense of community, hold monthly fitness workshops, wellness lectures and community health activities at the fitness center.

Local Events: Implement a referral scheme in which existing members are motivated to promote friends and family.

Personalization: Invest in fitness assessment technologies and customized workout regimens for each member to inculcate a sense of individual attention and progress tracking.


Can the strategies and tactics concepts be applied to personal development?

You can use them to establish personal goals (strategy) and specify precise steps (tactics) to attain them such as advancement at work or fitness goals.

How does innovation work in marketing tactics and why is it so important?

A: Innovative approaches can attract the attention of the audience and provide a competitive advantage. They use unique and unconventional tactics to differentiate themselves in the market.

Do nonprofit organizations require marketing strategies and how do they differ from profitable corporate organizations?

Nonprofits do benefit from marketing strategies but their priorities are frequently centered on mission goals and social impact rather than profit. Donor engagement, awareness and social change are all emphasized in strategies.

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